Common British ladybirds or ladybug Identification | ladybug family Identification
Common British ladybirds Identification
The seven-spot ladybird may be one of the most recognizable, but there are 46 different species in the UK
Common British (ladybird or Ladybug Harmonia axyridis):
ladybug scientific name (Coccinellidae)
Size and shape: large (6 – 8mm long), quite round and domed
Elytra (wing case) highly variable, orange, cooler: pale yellow, orange-red, red or black;
Spots: 0 – 21 orange-red or black spots, or grid pattern; highly variable
recognizable, but there are 46 different species in the UK: orange with 15 – 21 black spots; black with 2 or 4 orange or red spots
Pronotum pattern: white or cream with up to 5 spots or fused lateral spots forming 2 curved lines, misshapen mark or solid trapezoid. (The pronotum is the top of the section between head and wing cases.)
Other characteristics: wing cases with wide keel at back; legs nearly always brown
Water ladybird Anisosticta novemdecimpunctata
Also known as the 19-spot ladybird, this species is most commonly found in vegetation close to water, such as reeds.
Two-spot ladybird Adalia bipunctata
This is a common species throughout the UK,
although numbers are thought to be declining
due to competition with the harlequin ladybird.
Ten-spot ladybird Adalia decempunctata
This species can range in color from cream or yellow to purple or black, but the pronotum will usually have five dark spots.
14-spot ladybird Propylea quatuordecimpunctata
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata The spots on these ladybirds are more rectangular in shape. They can be either distinct or fused to form a chequered pattern.
16-spot ladybird Tytthaspis undecimpunctata
One of the smaller ladybirds, these are most often found hiding away in areas of long and rough grassland.
22-spot ladybird Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata
Unlike other ladybirds, this colourful beetle feeds on mildew and can be found closer to the ground on low-growing shrubs.