bengal tiger Facts population & bengal tiger Informations

Tiger Informationsbengal tiger Informations

The subspecies found in this part of the world is the Bengal tiger, also known as the Indian tiger. It is the second largest subspecies of tiger in the world. At sunrise and sunset it stalks the jungle looking for prey in the dim light of the forest, and during the day it spends its time napping in the shade to escape the heat. In 2014, a population census estimated that around 2,200 individuals remain in the wild. Though these numbers are low, this is a slight increase on previous years, thanks to a number of government conservation initiatives.



Panthera tigris tigris


India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan

Chital, sambar, water buffalo

10-15 years

Adult weigh
180-260kg (400-570 lb

Tigers Population

In the early 1900s, there were around 100,000 tigers throughout their range. Today, an estimated total of everywhere 3,000-4,500 exist in the wild. Below is a breakdown of tiger facts by subspecies.

South Chinese tiger: Extinct in the wild
Caspian tiger: Extinct
Javan tiger: Extinct
Bali tiger: Extinct
Indochinese tiger: 750-1,300
Bengal tiger: Less than 2,000
Siberian tiger: Around 450
Malayan tiger: 600-800
Sumatran tiger: 400-500

Human tiger conflict

bengal tiger

Despite being one of the world’s best-loved species, Tigers have a tumultuous relationship with man 

The conflict that exists between Shere Khan and humans in The Jungle Book is very much a reality. One of the earliest indicators of human-tiger conflict were found at an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan in around 2500 BCE. The find was a seal showing a tiger sitting menacingly beneath a tree while a man sits up in the branches. Fast forward to today and the ill feeling continues. Human-tiger conflict is a dangerous beast for both parties involved. For the tigers, it undermines ongoing conservation action that is vital in order to protect them. For humans, the perceived need to retaliate and hunt tigers puts themselves as well as the animals at risk of injury, or even death in the worst-case scenario. The conflict has only increased in recent years and in March 2010, local communities poisoned two tigers were just 17 months old at the time of their deaths and the story made national news. This sparked further debate over the conflict, with some being shocked and others in support of the killings. Nevertheless, much work is going on to safeguard the tiger’s future as a species. Project Tiger was launched in 1973 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and has been hard at work managing tiger reserves and carrying out vital research. One of the most important tasks it carries out is an anti-poaching operation; through working with local states, trailing new technology, and compiling a national database of individual tigers, it is slowly but surely making a difference.


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